BSN4001 Orientation to Baccalaureate Nursing
Community Healthcare In the last ten years, cardiovascular disease has been the leading cause of death in New York State. Cardiovascular disease is a chronic illness, which means that it progresses slowly over a long duration of time. Heart disease, along with stroke and diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the world and is considered a primary factor in influencing life expectancy. (The Suffolk County Community Health Assessment website, 2017). According to the CDC, heart disease affects people of all ages and cultural backgrounds but is the leading cause of death for African Americans, Hispanics and Caucasians in the United States (The CDC website, August 2015).Major risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease include hypertension, which is responsible for 45% of the deaths, high cholesterol, smoking, physical inactivity and poor nutrition (Lucero et al., 2014). Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure is a controllablerisk factor, however, in Suffolk County of New York it has increased from 23.3% to 29.4% between 2008 and 2013. In addition, the rate of inpatient hospitalization also increased in Suffolk County indicating that the population does not have their blood pressure under control either by medication man……………………
Technology Improves Rural Healthcare Introduction
Although rural communities make up less than 14% of the nation’s population, the group is at highest risk for chronic illnesses and overall poor health. There are many barriers affecting the overall health of the rural population, but the main problem is lack of healthcare access (Ishfaq & Raja, 2015). Lack of healthcare access is due to workforce shortages, lack of health insurance, transportation issues or a greater distance to healthcare locations and poor health literacy (The Rural Health Information Hub Website, 2002-2017).Barriers to Effective Rural Healthcare Shortage of healthcare workers: The majority of primary care physicians currently work in urban areas, leaving only 10% to practice in rural areas. The shortage is insufficient for the population and the groups’ predominately being affected are children and the elderly (Thomas, DiClemente , & Sn……………………..