Imagine that a family friend or colleague has just been diagnosed with cancer. Explain how the American Cancer Society might provide education and support. What ACS services would you recommend and why?

I would recommend to my best friends husband the services of Taking Care of Yourself as a Caregiver. When you are caring for someone who is sick: you take on new responsibilities, are overwhelmed, usually exhausted and worry constantly about the future. This service provides tips and reminders to help you make sure you are taking care of yourself as well. With the emotion stress put on the caregivers, it is important that they can recognize when they need help and to know that it is ok to ask for help. They have counselors, support groups, and appointment services. It will help you decide on what your limits are, and what to do and who to go to for the above limit responsibilities. They provide coping checklists for caregivers, which is a nice tool to get to see the reality of everything you do for the person you care for on paper. It can be a guide to help you get professional help. Help can include respite care, keeping your priorities, family, a priority and keeping yourself a priority.

 

2.      According to statistics published by the American Cancer Society, there will be an estimated 1.5 million new cancer cases diagnosed each year over the next decade. What factors contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in Americans? What changes in policy and practice are most likely to affect these figures over time

 

Prevention and early detection are central to our mission of helping save lives, celebrate lives, and lead the fight for a world without cancer. Much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use and obesity, improve diet, and increase physical activity and the use of established screening tests.1 In 2017 about 190,500 cancer deaths in the US will be caused by cigarette smoking alone. (American Cancer Society, 2017.)

Over time with the new cancer screening tools can contribute to a reduction in cancer cases. This early detecting is a huge asset. The knowledge based on research is a huge impact to reduce the numbers of death a year from cancer. Making people more aware of their diet and exercise has been a huge incentive for a lot of people.

The use of potentially lifesaving prevention and early detection measures is profoundly influenced by individual behaviors, as well as social, economic, and public policy factors. The American Cancer Society has published Cancer Prevention & Early Detection Facts & Figures (CPED) is a resource to strengthen cancer prevention and early detection efforts at the local, state, and national levels. (American Cancer Society, 2017.)

 

3.      Select a research program from among those funded by the American Cancer Society. Describe the program and discuss what impact the research will have on the prevention or treatment of cancer.

 

Studying the Links Between Cancer and Nutrition and Physical Activity

The information below is all retrieved from American Cancer Society at https://www.cancer.org/

Studying the Links Between Cancer and Nutrition and Physical Activity includes the researchers in the Society’s Epidemiology Research Program have made and continue to make new discoveries related to nutrition and physical activity by analyzing data on an ongoing basis. A new analysis examining liver cancer data from 14 prospective studies (including CPS-II) with more than 1.5 million participants. After accounting for age, sex, alcohol use, smoking and race, researchers found that obese body mass index (BMI) compared to normal BMI was associated with a 75% higher risk of liver cancer, with similar associations for waist circumference. These results suggest that the increase in obesity in the US might at least partially account for the parallel increase in liver cancer rates. Losing 10 or more pounds and keeping it off for at least 5 years might reduce breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women. Men and women with very large waists have twice the risk of death from cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disease compared with those with the smallest waists by researcher Eric J. Jacobs, PhD. You can reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease is more than a matter of how much you exercise Alpa Patel, PhD studied data on 123,000 participants in the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II who had no history of cancer, heart attack, stroke, or lung disease. She found a strong relationship between the amount of leisure time spent sitting and the risk of death, especially in women, that was independent of levels of physical activity. Women who reported more than six hours per day of sitting were 37% more likely to die during the time studied than those who sat fewer than three hours a day. The Society’s newest multi-year cancer prevention study, CPS-3, will yield more findings about the relationship between nutrition and physical activity and cancer in the future. The Society’s Economic and Health Policy Research program is exploring the economics of nutrition, such as the effects of income on dietary quality. Applying the lessons learned from economic methods for tobacco control to the areas of nutrition and physical activity may offer solutions to the obesity epidemic and its accompanying cancer burden. (American Cancer Society. 2017)

 

American Cancer Society. (2017). Stay Healthy. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer .org /healthy.html

American Cancer Society. (2017). Research On Cancer. Retrieved from:https://www. cancer. org/research. html

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