What were the major causes of U.S. mortality in the last 100 years, and what public health measures most contributed to improvements in the health of the nation? Include at least two source citations from the readings and/or additional sources to support your answer

What are the major causes of disease and death in the 21st century (e.g., chronic illnesses, communicable diseases, etc.) that continue to affect U.S. citizens in spite of the achievements in public health in the past century? What have been some of the strategies implemented to combat these illnesses on the local and national levels? Have they been successful? Include reference citations where appropriate. Grand Canyon NUR508 Week 2 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 DQ1 Select one of the United Nations’ (U.N.) Millennial Development Goals (MDGs). Visit the website and report on the UN’s progress in achieving this goal? How will meeting this goal positively impact the health of the world? What suggestions would you make to help the UN achieve this goal? DQ 2 Select a global health issue from the World Health Organization (WHO) list of health topics available at.who.int/topics/en/” title=”http://www.who.int/topics/en/”>http://www.who.int/topics/en/How has globalization influenced this issue from a positive or negative perspective? Grand Canyon NUR508 Week 3 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 DQ 1 Debate the various social factors associated with the situation of the “underinsured.” Respond to two other classmates’ answers with solid reasoning and support your opinions with appropriate reference citations. DQ 2 Review the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) report “Priority Populations”: .ahrq.gov/health-care-information/priority-populations/index.html” title=”http://www.ahrq.gov/health-care-information/priority-populations/index.html “>http://www.ahrq.gov/health-care-information/priority-populations/index.html Select one of the “priority populations” and explain the disparities this population faces. What strategies have been implemented to combat these disparities on the local and national levels? Have they been successful? Include reference citations where appropriate. Grand Canyon NUR508 Week 4 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 DQ 1 Debate the efficacies of public versus private-based quality initiatives. What roles do each play in the quality of U.S. health care? How would the elimination of one aspect affect the other? Respond to two other classmates and counter their answer, citing references as appropriate. DQ 2 After reading the Kaiser Family Foundation summary on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, state why or why not you believe the act should remain in law, or which pieces should be reversed. Then describe two pieces of the act that you were unaware was part of the act and how that may affect you as a citizen. Grand Canyon NUR508 Week 5 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 DQ 1 What are the eligibility requirements and coverage of Medicaid for the categories of low-income adults, pregnant women, and the aging/blind/disabled in the state where you live? Do you consider the eligibility requirements reasonable or restrictive? Do you consider the coverage reasonable or liberal? What are the benefits and drawbacks to keeping these populations insured through Medicaid? Consider both direct and indirect factors. DQ 2 Review the CMS.gov 30-Day Mortality and Readmission Data website. Review at least two local hospitals and see how they compare to state and national benchmarks. How and why may a consumer or a health care professional use this data to make decision about their next hospitalization? Will reporting this data have an impact on hospitals bottom line in addition to financial penalties from CMS? Give at least two examples of how this data may be used and what type of impact if may have if at all on the hospitals. Grand Canyon NUR508 Week 6 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 DQ 1 Debate the question: “Is health care a basic right in the United States?” Answer this question through the lens of your role as RN. Support your response utilizing ethical theories and principles. Respond to two other classmates using respectful communication and solid reasoning. Support your response with appropriate references. DQ 2 Select an ethical dilemma related to health policy from the categories of moral values, professional regulation, health of individuals in society, or distributive justice. What are the controversies surrounding this issue? What are the opposing ethical principles? How has past or current health policy addressed this dilemma? Support your reasoning with reference citations. Grand Canyon NUR508 Week 7 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 DQ 1 How do spiritual beliefs impact political ideologies and the policy process? How have they affected the health policy reform process? Using respectful communication, debate your response with two other classmates. Give examples and support your reasoning with appropriate references. DQ 2 What is the role of a religious ethic in public policy today? Should a religious ethic and/or theistic worldview take priority over that of others? How can religious policy decision makers remain true to their personal values while respecting the views of individuals with differing cultural and spiritual beliefs? Respond to two other classmates and cite references as appropriate. Grand Canyon NUR508 Week 8 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 DQ 1 Select an advanced professional or advanced practice nursing specialty. How has past and current regulation/legislation affected the role and scope of this nursing role? What, if any, discussions are currently underway relative to the scope and role of this specialty? What resources are available to assist nurses in advocating for these roles? DQ 2 Select a professional or specialty nursing association. What impact has this organization had on health care legislation in the past 2 years? Respond to two other classmates and support your answer with appropriate references and specific examples. assignments wek 2 The IOM Future of Nursing report calls for an increase in leadership from nurses at all levels. One way nurses demonstrate their role as a leader, is through public policy change. A leader does not always carry an official title or position, but demonstrates leadership through the work and the stance he/she takes to make a change for the good of others. Nurses have been noted by the Gallop poll year after year as the most trusted professionals. This assignment requires thought about a public policy that is needed or needs to be changed that relates to nursing, healthcare, and/or the public. Policy changes can occur by working with members of your legislature, and state or national nurses associations, to introduce a new bill and/or change to a current law in your state or federal government. Examples of public policy includes any component of the current legislation governing health care, Medicare part D, Medicaid, nursing regulation, medication technicians, etc. In 750-1000 words, propose a health policy change (that is currently a bill, a law, or may not exist at all) at the state or federal level that you believe needs to change and why. The policy must NOT be a clinical care policy for individual care. The policy involved may include public or community health, legislative or regulatory, professional organization (nursing-oriented), advanced nursing practice, health plan, or hospital plan. Include a specific section for the exact wording for the bill or change in wording of the law. Include the plan for the implementation of your policy development, to lobbying for passage, to next steps after passage. Discuss who would be the champion for the bill/law change from your state advocates (legislators, federal legislators, local or national state nursing organizations). Are these individuals also influential in making changes occur? Did you vote for the individual in office that you want to help you make this change? Resources: Review different pieces of legislation for ideas on wording. Visit your state’s legislative governmental affairs website site to understand the process your policy change could take if you wanted to introduce to into legislation. Refer to the Nursing Leadership Health Policy Presentation Rubric. Submit the assignment to the instructor by the end of Topic 2. Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. week 5 n a paper of 500-1,000 words, describe the relationship between health care cost and quality. Address the following: Select one public agency and one private agency and differentiate their roles and major activities in addressing cost and quality in health care. See Topic 4 Readings for sources regarding health care agencies. Analyze current and projected initiatives to improve quality while simultaneously controlling costs. Describe any unintended consequences. Synthesize implications for staff nurses and advanced practice nurses, including evidence-based practice, relative to cost and quality. Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Cente

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